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Crete

Crete is the largest and most populous island of Greece and the fifth largest in area in the Mediterranean, after Sicily, Sardinia, Cyprus and Corsica. Its capital and largest city is Heraklion, which is the seat of the region of Crete which includes neighboring islands and islets. Crete belongs to the Mediterranean climatic zone which gives its main climatic character, which is characterized as temperate. The atmosphere can be quite humid, depending on the proximity to the sea. The winter is quite mild and wet, with quite a bit of rain, mostly in the western parts of the island. Snowfall is rare in the lowlands, but quite common in the highlands. During the summer, the average temperature ranges from 25 to 30 degrees Celsius. In Crete, the Cretan dialect is spoken by the majority of the inhabitants. There is a great tradition in the mantinada. Crete is also known for its traditional music, characteristic instruments of which are primarily the Cretan lyre and the lute and secondarily the violin, the mandolin and the ascomandura. The traditional emphasis on agriculture and animal husbandry is maintained, due to the climate and the size of the island, there is a decline in construction, as well as a large increase in the provision of services mainly related to tourism as Crete is one of the most popular Greek holiday destinations. There are three airports in Crete, in Heraklion, Chania and Sitia.